Was your ancestor a Sunderland freemason?

Last year the Archives was delighted to receive on deposit the historical records of the Phoenix Lodge, Sunderland. The origins of this freemasons lodge date back to 1755, when the King George’s Lodge was constituted. The Lodge met in public houses until its own premises were completed in Vine Street in 1778. Unfortunately the masonic hall was destroyed by fire in 1783. However, a new hall ‘rose from the ashes’ in Queen Street in 1785 under the new name of the Phoenix Lodge. The Phoenix Hall remains in use today and is the oldest surviving purpose built Masonic hall in the world. It’s cared for by the Queen Street Heritage Trust.

The freemasons had a significant charitable role in Sunderland through the mutual aid given to their members. They also played an important part in civic life, particularly in the years before the establishment of Sunderland Borough Council in 1835. Freemasons were leading figures in the establishment of a dispensary and subscription library in the 1790s and in the construction of the first Wearmouth Bridge. The opening of the Bridge in 1796 was vital to the economic development of Sunderland.

The Phoenix Lodge collection (TWAM ref. S.MAS9) contains a variety of documents including minutes of meetings, financial accounts and membership records. The collection includes details of members from the establishment of the Lodge in 1755 through to the late Twentieth Century. The oldest item is the Lodge’s constitution and byelaws dating from October 1755 (TWAM ref. S.MAS9/6/1) and this book includes a register of members covering the years 1756-1811.

Entries from register of members for Phoenix Lodge, 1756-1811 (TWAM ref. S.MAS9/6/1)

There are also two further registers of members covering the period 1809-1919. These registers include the names of each new member, their age, profession, residence and the name of person who proposed them for membership. Members came from all walks of life with popular occupations including mariners, engineers, ship owners, commercial travellers, merchants, publicans and agents. If you have family who lived in Sunderland then it might be worth taking a look to see whether they were members of the Phoenix Lodge. These documents are fascinating and have to potential to enrich our understanding of our ancestors. As well as telling you about them, the registers give you a real insight into their social life, by recording the names of the men they knew and mixed with.

Entries from Phoenix Lodge register of members, 1865 (TWAM ref. S.MAS9/7/1)

The collection also includes declaration books for the years from 1884 to 1992. These contain the same key information as the registers of members but also show the declaration that each new member made.

Declaration by John Oliver Sunley, drapery manager, 1909 (TWAM ref. S.MAS9/8/3)

Access is restricted to Phoenix Lodge records that are less than 50 years old but that still leaves a vast fascinating world for you to explore. The records from 1755 to 1963 can be searched in the Archives searchroom at the Discovery Museum, where you can be assured of a warm welcome. Details of our opening hours and how to find us can be found on our website.

My thanks go to the Lodge for depositing their records with us and also to Dr Gill Cookson for providing valuable background information about freemasonry in Sunderland.


5 Responses to Was your ancestor a Sunderland freemason?

  1. Catherine Meddes says:

    Is it possible to search records of the Freemasons. I know my family were members of the Freemasons: Leslie Ditchburn, Edward William (Billy) Ditchburn and several others.

  2. Alan Hayward says:

    Hi Catherine,

    You’re very welcome to visit our searchroom to search through records of the Phoenix Lodge that are over 50 years old. Details of our location and opening times can be found on our website http://www.twmuseums.org.uk/tyne-and-wear-archives/visiting-us.html. If you’re unable to visit us in person then we do have a paid research service, which you can use http://www.twmuseums.org.uk/tyne-and-wear-archives/services/research-service.html. If you have any questions please do get in touch.

    Best wishes,


  3. Susan Snell says:

    The Library and Museum of Freemasonry can assist anyone trying to trace details for family members who were members of Lodges and Chapters operating under the United Grand Lodge of England (and Wales) and its predecessor bodies in England and Wales and overseas. If you know the name and/or number of a lodge then no charge is made but if not there is a charge of £30 (£15 members of UGLE) – please see further details on our website at: http://www.freemasonry.london.museum/family-history/

  4. Jayne Rosemary Whitfield McKay Hardy (maternal Grandfather Jack Sopp died around 1924 says:

    Hello. I know my maternal Grandfather Jack/John Sopp held a good position in The Masonic Temple, Borough Road, Sunderland. He died from a heart attack at the age of 48 – my Mam was 21 and adored him. She was born in 1913 and the eldest of 7 living children- so I think he must have died around 1934. I believe that he was instrumental in setting up a fund that one child from each family would be funded through University. Sadly, even though My Mam was the eldest of 7 living children and extremely clever, the funding went to the eldest boy, also Jack Sopp – who became Deputy Borough Engineer of Sunderland and later Borough Engineer of Newsham. He never visited his Mother again. In 1968, my first job after leaving Grammar School was at The Borough Engineer’s in Fawcett Street, Sunderland.

    I am 63 now and the fourth and youngest child of my parents ( really great people, by the way who thought that their two Daughters were entitled to everything their two Sons were). I never had a Grandad and always wanted one. I would love it if you could/would give me any information about him

  5. Mr Robert Burdon says:

    Sir, I have in my possession my Grandfathers’ masonic medal. It contains the following information inscribed on it:-
    Royal Antediluvian Order of Buffaloes
    Bro Albert E. Burdon
    Sir John Short Lodge No. 2975
    Exalted 6-12-1942
    1st.Deg. 17-3-1920
    2nd. Deg, 5-5-1921
    I was 4 years old when he died in 1951 and do not remember him at all. I would, therefore,appreciate any information you have about him and also his lodge of which I can find no reference whatsoever.
    Many thanks for your time.

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