An update on progress with the Sunderland Shipbuilding archives project

Readers of my previous blogs may remember that in October I gained a ‘glamorous’ assistant, Colin. Over the last few months he’s been working hard sorting and listing a very large series of ships plans for the firm Bartram & Sons Ltd. The work is ongoing but so far he has uncovered a number of very interesting plans. The plans of one wartime vessel stand out in particular, ‘Empire Heath’, a CAM ship launched in April 1941 (yard no. 287).

The abbreviation CAM stands for catapult aircraft merchantmen. As Colin explained to me, following the fall of France long range German bombers were able to reach convoys in the mid-Atlantic beyond the range of Allied fighters. As an emergency stopgap measure the Admiralty ordered 50 rocket powered catapults and modified Hurricane fighters to be fitted to selected merchant ships. After the fighter was launched there was no way for the aircraft to land back on the ship so the pilot had to bale out or ditch in the sea and hope to be picked up by the vessel it was protecting. The courage of the pilots prepared to fly in such circumstances is truly humbling.

Part of plan of runway girder for 'Empire Heath', April 1941 (TWAM ref. DS.BM/4/PL/1/287/16)

Outline of Hurricane on runway girder, April 1941 (TWAM ref. DS.BM/4/PL/1/287/16)

Between November 1941 and July 1943 a total of nine combat launches took place with the result that eight German aircraft were shot down, while one Allied pilot lost his life. The ‘Empire Heath’ was one of the CAM ships to launch her Hurricane and details of that incident can be found on the website uboat.net. In 1943 the CAM programme came to an end and the catapult was removed. Tragically, the ‘Empire Heath’ didn’t survive the war and was sunk by a u-boat in May 1944 with considerable loss of life.

For my part, I’ve been busy this month cataloguing the operational records of Joseph L. Thompson & Sons Ltd. There are two particularly large series of records that have taken the most time to list – a huge run of ships specifications and a set of 250 particulars and cost books.

The specifications date from 1870 to 1978 and include a hull or engine specification (often both) for almost every ship built by the firm between those years. These specifications were agreed between prospective shipowners and the ship and engine builders as part of the contract process. They contain a considerable amount of information about the construction and outfit of each vessel, including dimensions, materials used, workmanship, machinery and detailed descriptions of accommodation. The specifications contain pretty much everything you could wish to know down to the number of pots and pans onboard. The specifications are also often annotated with additions or alterations agreed after the contract was signed.

The Joseph L. Thompson & Sons collection includes two specifications for the ‘Empire Liberty’, launched in August 1941. This ship is acclaimed as the forebear of the famous Liberty ships built by the US Government during the Second World War.

Page from hull specification for 'Empire Liberty', 1941-1942 (TWAM ref. DS.JLT/4/7/611/1)

Another page from hull specification for 'Empire Liberty', 1941-1942 (TWAM ref. DS.JLT/4/7/611/1)

The ships particulars and cost books are slightly unusual and I haven’t come across anything quite like them in the other collections. These books survive for the period 1880-1913 and were pre-printed with spaces left for information to be entered. They provide fascinating and detailed information about the particulars, progress of construction and cost of materials and labour for each ship.

A small number of the particulars and cost books from the mid 1880s also have reduced scale copies of ships general arrangement plans pasted in. There is a nice example of one of these plans in the particulars and cost book for the ‘Rubens’, launched by the firm in July 1887 (yard no. 223).

Reduced scale general arrangement plan for 'Rubens', 1887 (TWAM ref. DS.JLT/4/9/64)

Last week I also catalogued the public relations records of Joseph L. Thompson & Sons Ltd. I’m a big fan of aerial photographs and was delighted to see that the records include three very nice aerial shots of the shipyard and surrounding area, including this image taken by Turners (Photography) Ltd in June 1955.

Aerial photograph of shipyard of Joseph L. Thompson & Sons Ltd, June 1955 (TWAM ref. DS.JLT/5/5/2)

In the last few days I’ve just started working on the administrative records of Bartram & Sons Ltd. I’m sure that some more exciting discoveries will emerge as I work through those and I’ll look forward to reporting them in my next blog in January.

9 Responses to An update on progress with the Sunderland Shipbuilding archives project

  1. Don Smith says:

    Is it possible to purchase a set of plans for CAM ship Empire Heath and plans for runway girder (refs. TWAM ref. DS.BM/4/PL/1/287/16 and TWAM ref. DS.BM/4/PL/1/287/16). The plans are required for new exhibit in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, related to CAM ships with Hurricane. Plans call for a 1/32 scale model of forward section of ship, with catapult and aircraft.

    Thanks.

  2. Alan Hayward says:

    Thanks for getting in touch. We can supply copies of most of the plans we hold. I’ve forwarded your message to our searchroom team and we’ll measure the plans and let you have a quote for the copying costs as soon as we can.

    Best wishes,

    Alan

  3. This is a question – not a comment.
    I am researching and producing a film about Danish seamen in WWII. I have one witness (93 years old) who tells me that he was allocated to an Empire type ship – he recalls no name of the ship, but think it was called MT 123. Is there any way to find out if this number refers to an Empire ship. The ship was fitted and made ready “at a shipyard in Sunderland”, and it sailed to Tilbury between May 17th and 25th, in order to be part of the D day flotilla. Can anyone help me here? or point to some historian or museum in this matter. Thanking you in advance – Carl

  4. Alan Hayward says:

    Hi Carl,

    Thanks for getting in touch. I’m afraid that our records don’t enable us to identify MT123 for you. I’ve consulted a colleague and if he’s able to help I’ll let you know the outcome. If you haven’t already done so, it might be worth contacting the National Maritime Museum in case they have the answer. Contact details can be found on their website http://www.rmg.co.uk/contact.

    Best of luck with your film,

    Alan

  5. Roy V Martin says:

    There is a gap in my records of MT numbers between MT110 and MT134, the ships listed are:ANGLO INDIAN
    DUNKELD
    EMPIRE DARING
    EMPIRE MANDARIN (Tyne built)
    EMPIRE PERDITA (Tyne built)
    GREENWICH
    MONKLEIGH
    IMPERIAL VALLEY
    LANGLEECRAG
    ORMINSTER
    REMBRANDT (Du)
    RICHMOND HILL
    ROMNEY
    WELSH TRADER
    SAMHOLT

    Several of those without Empire names could probably be described as Empire type ships.

    Hope that helps.

    Roy

  6. Alan Hayward says:

    Hi Roy,

    Many thanks for getting in touch. I’m afraid that we can’t assist you with MT numbers but if you haven’t already contacted the National Maritime Museum it might be worth doing so. Contact details can be found on their website http://www.rmg.co.uk/contact. I hope they can help you.

    Best wishes,

    Alan

  7. Roy V Martin says:

    Thanks Alan, I really sent the list to help Carl Otto Dethlefsen, most of the D-Day numbers I have, about 800, come from records at the National Archives.

    On a different subject, do you have plans of the Empire Liberty, or only the specification books and the GA?

    Best wishes,

    Roy

  8. Alan Hayward says:

    Hi Roy,

    Thanks for your question about the ‘Empire Liberty’. I’m afraid that the Archives only holds the specifications and the general arrangement plan, which you already know about for that vessel.

    Best wishes,

    Alan

  9. Roy V Martin says:

    Thanks Alan,

    I will continue my search at the NMM.

    Good luck,

    Roy

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